In recent years, many enterprises in the world have suffered from leaks of sensitive customer or employee information due to APT attacks, malware attacks, insider leaks, or mis-configured settings. Data breaches have a considerable impact, not only harming corporate reputations and causing business to be lost, but also causing serious risk for customers. If leaked data flows into the hands of bad actors, we can easily imagine the harmful consequences. These risks equally affect the United States’ 16 critical infrastructures. If sensitive information about employees or external services leaks, hackers can easily apply it to social engineering or advanced continuous penetration attacks. However, a critical infrastructure security incident can cause more than financial loss – it can also create a threat to the safety of physical equipment or to people’s lives and property.
This research will collect publicly leaked data and share some of the traps and fun that we found during the analysis. We will also share how we have used our unique automatic analytical process for building on the cloud to conduct big data analysis on more than 10 billion pieces of data from 200 plus datasets, with a particular focus on the analysis of data leakage and password habits of 16 critical infrastructure service providers. Based on the in-depth analysis of our data, we will try to provide predictions and warnings to high-risk CI sectors that may be invaded due to information leakage. Finally, we will advise how to perform prevention and mitigation measures.
Mars Cheng is a threat researcher for TXOne Networks, blending a background and experience in both ICS/SCADA and Enterprise cybersecurity systems. Mars has directly contributed to more than 10 CVE-IDs, and has had work published in three Science Citation Index (SCI) applied cryptography journals. Before joining TXOne, Mars was a security engineer at the Taiwan National Center for Cyber Security Technology (NCCST). Mars is a frequent speaker and trainer at several international cyber security conferences such as ICS Cyber Security Conference USA and Asia 2020, and USA 2019, HITB Lockdown 002 and Abu Dhabi 2019, SecTor 20, and HITCON 2019, as well as other conferences and seminars related to the topics of ICS and Internet of Things (IoT) security. Mars is general coordinator of HITCON 2021 and was vice general coordinator of HITCON 2020.
YenTing Lee is a cyber threat researcher at TXOne Networks’ IoT/ICS Security Research Labs. Before joining TXOne, YenTing was a section head at the Taiwan National Center for Cyber Security Technology (NCCST), and has experience in both ICS/SCADA and cyber-offensive and defensive exercises. YenTing played as a pentester on the exercise of IT and ICS as well as speaking at several internal cyber security training classes on the topics of ICS and Internet of Things (IoT) security.
Max Farrell is a senior technical writer and communication expert for TXOne Networks, working from a background of mixed technology, business, and arts. He specializes in research related to the culture, business, and technology of the United States. His background prior to TXOne includes teaching business communication at colleges, corporations, and privately, and translating and editing of technical and narrative documents.